Food & Fitness RAP

Access Checklists


Rapid Assessment  Procedures:
Long A, Scrimshaw SCM, Hurtado E. (1988). Epilepsy rapid assessment procedures. Rapid
assessment procedures for the evaluation of epilepsy specific beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Landover, MD: Epilepsy Foundation of America.

Scrimshaw, S.C.M. (1992). Adaptation of anthropological methodologies to rapid assessment of nutrition and primary health care. In N.S. Scrimashaw & G.R. Gleason (Eds.), Rapid assessment procedures: Qualitative methodologies for planning and evaluation of health related programmes (pp. 25-49). Boston: International Nutrition Foundation for Developing Countries.

Scrimshaw, S.C.M., Carballo, M., Carael, M., & Ramos, L., & Parker, R.G. (1992). HIV/AIDS rapid assessment procedures: Rapid anthropological approaches for studying AIDS related beliefs, attitudes and behaviours. Monograph. Tokyo: United Nations University.

Scrimshaw, S.C.M., Carballo, M., Ramos, L., & Blair, B.A. (1991). The AIDS rapid anthropological assessment procedures: A tool for health education planning and evaluation. Health Education Quarterly, 18(1), 111-123.

Agar, M.H. 1986. Speaking of ethnography. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Nutrition and Physical Activity:
American Dietetic Association (1995). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrition services for children with special health needs. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 95(7), 809-814.

American Public Health Association. (2005). Getting in shape for the future: Healthy eating and active living toolkit. Accessed December 15, 2005, at

Cornell Cooperative Extension. (2007). Accessed June 19, 2007, at

Maxwell, J.A. (2005). Qualitative research design: an interactive approach (2nd ed.).
Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Melanson, K.J., McInnis, K.J., Rippe, J.M., Blackburn, G., Wilson, P.F. (2001). Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk: Research update. Cardiology Review, 9(4), 302S-311S.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center for the Partnership for a Walkable America, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation. Accessed December 16, 2005, at

Siega-Riz, Popkin, & Carson (1998). Trends in breakfast consumption for children in the United States from 1965-1991. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(4), 748S-756S.

Story M., Holt K., & Sofka, D., (Eds.). (2002). Bright futures in practice: Nutrition (2nd ed.). Arlington, VA: National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health.

Cultural Anthropology:
Bernard, H.R. (1998). In H.R. Bernard (Ed.), Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Crane, J.G., & Agrosino, M.V. (1974). Field projects in anthropology: A student handbook. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.

Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.) (2003). Strategies of qualitative inquiry (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

DeWalt, B.R., & Pelto, P.J. (Eds.). (1985). Micro and macro levels of analysis in anthropology: Issues in theory and research. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Gold, P., (Ed.). (1970). Women in the field: Anthropologi­cal experiences. Chicago: Aldine.

Hall, E.T. (1966). The hidden dimension. New York: Doubleday.

Naroll, R., & Cohen, R. (Eds.). (1973). A handbook of method in cultural anthropology. New York: Columbia University Press.

Pelto, P.J., & Pelto, G.H. (1978). Anthropological Research: The structure of inquiry. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Powdermaker, H. (1966). Stranger and friend: The way of an anthropologist. New York: W.W. Norton.

Punch, M. (1986). The politics and ethics of fieldwork. Beverly Hills, CA Sage.

Rynkiewich, M.A., & Spradley, J.P. (1976). Ethics and anthropology: Dilemmas in field work. New York: Wiley.

Scrimshaw, S.C.M. (1980). Participant Observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Scrimshaw, S.C.M., & Wax, R.H. (1971). Doing fieldwork: Warnings and advice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury  Park, CA: Sage.

Community-Based Participatory Research:
Israel, B.A., Eng, E., Schulz, A.J., & Parker, E.A. (Eds.). (2005). Methods in community-based participatory research for health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Sampling and Statistics:
Blalock, H. (1969). Statistics for social sciences. Spanish translation. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003). National Center for Health Statistics & Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau SLAITS of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Accessed June 19, 2007, at

Fielding, N.G., & Fielding, J.L. (1986). Linking data. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Fleiss, J. (1981). Statistical methods for rates and propor­tions (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.

Hill, A. B. 1977. Ashat Textbook of Medical Statistics. London: UM Books, Hodder and Stoughton.

Kirk, J., & Miller, M.L. (1986). Reliability and validi­ty in qualitative research. Beverly Hills,
CA: Sage.

Focus Groups:
Morgan, D.L. (Ed.). (1993). Successful focus groups: Advancing the state of the art. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Stewart, D.W., & P.N. Shamdasani (1990).  Focus groups: Theory and practice, Series:
Applied Social Research Methods, Volume 20. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Qualitative Evaluation:
Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Qualitative Data Analysis:
Silverman, D. (2001). Interpreting qualitative data: Methods for analyzing talk, text and interaction. (2nd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Weitzman, E. (2000). Software and qualitative research. In N.K. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (Eds.),
Handbook of qualitative research (2nd ed.), 803–20. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Weitzman, E., & Miles, M. B. (1994). Computer programs for qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Qualitative Methodology and Public Health:
Ulin, P.R., Robinson, E.T., & Tolley, E.E. (2005). Qualitative methods in public health: A field guide for applied research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Weiss, R.S. (1994). Learning from strangers: the art and method of qualitative interview
studies. New York: The Free Press.

Qualitative Health Research Peer-Reviewed Journals, Examples (note: This is NOT an exhaustive list.):

Advances in Nursing Science

American Journal of Occupational Therapy
American Journal of Public Health
Annals of Internal Medicine
British Medical Journal
Canadian Journal of Public Health
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Cancer Nursing
Health Care for Women International
Health Education and Health Behavior
Health and Social Work
Inter-American Journal of Psychology
International Journal of Nursing Studies
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Journal of the American Medical Association
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Journal of Obstetric/Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Qualitative Health Research
Qualitative Research Journal
Qualitative Research in Psychology
Social Problems
Social Science & Medicine
Tobacco Control
Women and Health


International Institute for Qualitative Methodology

Association for Qualitative Research

The Qualitative Report: an online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990

Additional Resources and Tools to complement the Food & Fitness RAP:

Saint Louis University Analytic Audit Tool
Brownson, R.C., Chang, J.J., Eyler, A.A. Ainsworth, B.E., Kirtland, K.A., Saelens, B.E., & Sallis, J.F. (2004). Measuring the environment for friendliness toward physical activity: A comparison of the reliability of 3 questionnaires. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 473-483.

G.B SOFIT- (System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time) (accessed November 14, 2004).
SOFIT is an objective tool for assessing the quality of physical education instruction. It is a
comprehensive system that provides a measure of student activity levels, lesson context, and teacher behavior during class time.

New Source for Parents and Educators on Healthy Food and Lifestyle at Home and in School

(“Food & Fitness Matter: Raising Healthy, Active Kids,”, June 2006)

Parents Action for Children has released a video, “ Food & Fitness Matter: Raising Healthy, Active Kids,” in DVD format that provides parents with information and support to help them make healthy lifestyle changes at home and in their local schools. Health and nutrition experts, including former U.S. Surgeon General Dr. David Satcher, explain the causes for the dramatic increase in overweight kids, the health problems posed by the childhood obesity epidemic, and the impact of unhealthy food at school on students’ discipline and ability to learn. The video also presents practical tips for parents to improve diet and fitness at home, profiles of schools and districts that successfully switched to healthier foods, and inspiration for parents to join together and press for changes in their schools. Parents Action has published a companion checklist for parent leaders, educators and health professionals that includes a summary of the video, sample discussion questions and handouts, such as fact sheets on childhood obesity, and tips for healthier eating and creating school wellness policies.
Also see-- (DVD companion checklist)

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